Employees in safety-sensitive positions are subject to regulations by The Department of Transportation (DOT). A safety-sensitive position is one where your employment role could impact the safety of others.
Examples of safety-sensitive positions include commercial motor vehicle drivers, firefighters, police officers, and those who operate heavy machinery or handle hazardous materials. Anyone who seeks to be employed or to maintain employment in a safety-sensitive position needs to submit to a DOT physical. For those in non-DOT regulated industries, a non-DOT physical may suffice, depending on the employer.
There are differences between a DOT physical and a non-DOT physical. Let’s explore the differences between the two.
The purpose of a DOT physical is to determine the fitness of a person to operate or continue to operate a commercial motor vehicle.
Tests included in a DOT physical are:
- Hearing test – drivers must be able to pass a forced whisper test unaided
- Vision test – 20/40 acuity aided or unaided by correction and 70” peripheral vision
- Urinalysis – check for underlying medical conditions such as diabetes
- Drug test – test for the presence of drugs in the system
- Heart rate and blood pressure check – irregular heartbeat or high blood pressure
- Physical examination of the eyes, ears, mouth, and lungs – check for cataracts, glaucoma, perforated eardrums, abnormal breathing, and other abnormalities.
- Neurological function test – check your reflexes and coordination and identify a neurological condition that could affect your ability to safely operate a commercial motor vehicle
- Cardiovascular function test -check for disqualifying heart conditions such as angina, heart attack, coronary insufficiency, and more.
- Functional capacity testing – check ability to walk, balance, climb, crouch, crawl, and kneel.
Only a medical examiner certified by the FMCS (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations) to perform physical examinations can carry out a DOT physical.
A non-DOT physical determines a person’s fitness for employment, fitness to perform a job, and fitness to return to work after medical leave in a non-DOT regulated industry.
A non-DOT physical may include the following:
- Review of medical history, review of current medications
- Record height and weight check
- Vision test
- Cardiovascular assessment
- Motion, strength, and functional tests
- Handling, stability, and flexibility tests
- Drug test
Non-DOT companies can design what they want to be included in their physical tests, depending on the nature of the work and the company’s objectives. It is also possible for a non-DOT company to require DOT physicals of their employees.
DOT Physical in Richmond Hills, Texas
Accuracy of test results is critical when determining fitness for employment. Therefore, employers should choose their employment testing facility in Richmond Hills well. If you are an employer in a DOT-regulated industry, choose EMC Express Care for our experience, compliance, and accuracy in carrying out DOT physicals.
In addition to DOT physicals, EMC Express also provides a range of physicals for sports, school, and travel. Our friendly and professional healthcare providers will help you prepare for your DOT physical for greater ease and convenience.
To schedule a DOT physical, call our Richmond Hills urgent care clinic today at (817) 503-8800 or simply walk in — it’s as easy as that. We are open any day of the week from 10 am to 8 pm. We look forward to serving you!