A drug test checks for the presence of illegal or legal drugs in a person’s body. Marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, and opiates, and phencyclidine (PCP) are most commonly looked for in drug tests in the United States.
A drug test may be required for employment, participation in a sport, or to drive a vehicle. As part of their commitment to the safety of workers and the general public, the Department of Transportation (DOT) requires anyone in safety-sensitive industries — such as land, air, and water transport — to pass a drug test. A drug test is part of the DOT physical. Truck drivers and bus, train, and ferry operators are subject to drug testing requirements.
What Kind of Drug Test is Used in a DOT Physical?
A DOT drug test usually involves the collection of a urine sample. Employees who refuse a drug test may be dismissed from their duties where they perform safety-sensitive functions, depending on company policy.
While drug testing may be part of pre-employment screening, the main goal is to ensure employees are not under the influence while performing safety-sensitive tasks. Before the employee starts a safety-sensitive job, the employer should have a negative drug test from them on file.
What Happens During a Urine Test?
A DOT drug test can be conducted at a doctor’s clinic, walk-in clinic, or urgent care clinic. You will arrive at the urine collection site and be asked to present your identification (ID) card. You will be provided a document explaining the drug testing process.
You will be provided two single-use bottles with caps or lids, which you will use to collect the specimen (at least 45 milliliters of urine). These will be securely wrapped or sealed in a protective cover. You will go to the secure collection site to produce the urine sample. This is private unless an exception is made because you have been suspected of tampering with a sample in the past or are having a return-to-duty or follow-up drug test.
To speed up the process, try to consume up to 40 ounces of liquid before arriving at the clinic. If you are unable to produce the minimum amount, you will be asked to remain in the clinic until you are ready.
After collecting the sample, keep your eye on it until it has been sealed with tamper-evident tape, which should bear your signature. The urine sample will be sent to the laboratory for analysis.
Is a Drug Test Required Only During Pre-Employment Screening?
A drug test may be requested if:
- There is suspicion that you are under the influence of drugs
- Random drug testing is a company practice
- You’ve violated drug and alcohol
- You need follow-up testing due to a history of violating drug and alcohol rules
- You’ve been involved in an accident (an alcohol test should be done within eight hours of the accident; a drug test should be done within 32 hours of the accident)
If your test comes back positive, you have the right to request a retest, within 72 hours of receiving the results.
Employee Drug Testing in North Richland Hills, Texas
EMC Express Care provides DOT physicals, which include drug testing for employees in safety-sensitive industries at an affordable cost. We offer you great convenience — in our walk-in clinic, we have short wait times and appointments are not necessary. Moreover, we have an on-site laboratory, so you can get results sooner.
If you are an employer, we offer an employee care plan to improve your employees’ benefits package, as well as your bottom line. If you have any questions about drug screening services or our employee care plan, call us today at (817) 503-8800. We look forward to providing you with quality and affordable care.